The Rights of Children in Environmental Crises from the Perspective of International Human Rights Law

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Student of International Law, University of Qom, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Qom



There are a variety of environmental crises, including air, water and soil pollution, destruction of ecosystems and so on Which adversely affects various aspects of children's basic rights.. As much as all kinds of environmental damages directly affect the life and health of children, it can also indirectly affect the social and cultural rights of children. The destruction of resources and ecosystems and infrastructure, including roads, farms, schools and homes, especially in poor areas, deprive children of access to education and cultural and social services, and sometimes force them to relocate. The main question in this article is how these crises affect children's rights and who is responsible for guaranteeing these rights and our initial assumption is that environmental crises affect children's rights to such an extent that it can be boldly referred to as a children's rights crisis. In order to answer the question and verify our assumption, by using analytical and descriptive methods and collecting materials in a library method and referring to the official websites of international organizations related, we have achieved the following results that Children play the least role in creating environmental crisis but they suffer the most from its adverse effects.. Therefore, governments and large corporations, which have the largest share in creating environmental crises, also have the greatest responsibility. When environmental damage directly or indirectly violates the rights of children and governments are directly or indirectly involved in creating them, It makes sense to consider them committed to resolving environmental crises and guaranteeing children's rights.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 27 June 2022
  • Receive Date: 09 February 2022
  • Revise Date: 04 April 2022
  • Accept Date: 28 April 2022
  • First Publish Date: 27 June 2022