Analyzing the Assassination of General Soleimani from the Perspective of Law of International Armed Conflict

Document Type : Original Article


1 University of Al Zahra

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran



The assassination of General Qassem Soleimani on 3 January 2020 was an act committed by the direct order of the US then-president as a targeted assassination within the territory of Iraq. Accordingly, commitment of such an act by the US can be studied and analyzed in the framework of law of international armed conflict which regulates the relations between states in times of war. Because, first, the US had been an occupying state at the time of assassination which has rights and duties at the same time. Second, Iran and the US were not in conflict at the time of assassination to justify the assassination as a preventive measure. Employing library sources and a descriptive-analytical method, the present article aims at answering this question that what are those rules and standards that have been violated by the US in the territory of Iraq through this assassination? It concludes that the assassination of General Soleimani and his associates was the violation of 1949 Geneva Convention IV and the sovereignty of Iraq in time of occupation and there has been no military necessity to fight Iran in the territory of a third state.


Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 09 August 2022
  • Receive Date: 21 May 2022
  • Revise Date: 31 July 2022
  • Accept Date: 09 August 2022
  • First Publish Date: 09 August 2022